Tag Archives: Painters
The Impressionist Mastermind: Claude Monet
Claude Monet is considered to be the sole leader and prime innovator of impressionism – the 19th century art movement. He managed to capture, on canvas, the vivid beauty of nature in a manner of style that was vibrant and largely self-generated. Monet, since day one, aspired to capture the true essence of nature with his work and, keeping his brilliant paintings in mind, the world agrees he was quite successful at that. His subjects included scenes from his beloved garden to urban scenarios. Throughout his rather rebellious career, he never conformed to the conventional ways of painting. Monet was the greatest summit of uniqueness when it came to the art movement of impressionism.
Biography of Claude Monet
Early Life of Claude Monet
Born in Paris on the 14th of November 1840, Claude Monet opened his eyes to a world developing as rapid as a speeding bullet. His family left the bold Parisian neighborhood soon after his birth and made their move to Le Havre. Le Havre was where he was brought up. Monet’s father used to dream that his son would make himself a successful grocer but, little did he know, what the young artist had in stock for the world.
Claude Monet’s Interest in Art
Young Claude Monet’s interest was in art and art alone. He knew he wanted to become an artist since his childhood. He made quite a name for himself making charcoal impressions in Le Havre while growing up. Earning the first of his earnings from these caricatures was a rite of passage for Monet. Ever since he started earning, (by selling his charcoal caricatures) he was largely motivated to pursue his passion for art at a much more serious scale. As soon as his father discovered of his career choice, he stopped financing him and he was reduced to survive on the money he saved from his selling his early works.
Later Years – Developing A Unique Style
Teenage Monet paid a visit to Paris in 1857. He spent most of his time there in the Louvre Museum of Art. He looked upon the works of the old masters with respect and drew great inspiration from them but, he was never really satisfied with the idea of imitating them. He wanted to draw something natural. He’d rather opt out painting a simple scene of a Parisian street through an open window than choose a complex concept. By early 1861, he joined the armed forces of France and served for two years after which, he fell ill. He was discharged from the force due to his illness. He focused only on pursuing art as a career from then onwards.
Claude Monet Marriage With Camille
He got married at the age of thirty, in 1870. A war between France and Prussia broke shortly after he was wed to Camille Doncieux. The war made him leave his homeland in terror and he settled in London. He was stationed at London for quite a while after which he went to Holland and spent some of his time there before finally returning to France and his beloved Paris. He made a permanent settlement for his family close to the river Seine: a place that enable him to stay in close contact with his contemporaries: Auguste Renoir, Sisley, Gustave and Manet.
The Birth Of Impressionism
In April 1874, the first ever ‘impressionist’ exhibition was held. The term ‘impressionist’ was used by a famous art critic who was attending the exhibition. He argued that the paintings aren’t a true sketch of what was intended but are only an impression – with their rough lines and inconsistent colorations. Monet and the gang took the term as an appropriate label for their art and finally, this unique form of art (the one Monet was pursuing) found a name for itself.
Claude Monet’s Garden: The Inspiration Behind Water Lilies
Monet become a highly esteemed and popular artist by the turn of the century. He started earning quite a handsome living. A large chunk of his money went into developing his formal garden which he had made at his land in Giverny. This garden was then to become the sole inspiration behind one of his most famous series works: water lilies. He loved to sketch scenes from his garden.
In honor of the Frenchmen who gave up their lives for the good cause in the First World War, Monet painted a series of paintings. Monet, being a former soldier himself, felt greatly for the ones who died and dedicated his series of weeping willow paintings to them. Soon after the war concluded, Monet developed a disease of the eye. He was surgically treated for it and had the cataracts of his eyes removed and became disabled. Even that did not bring him down from doing what he loved. He continued to paint with his disability and managed to coin new techniques and further developed his unique style.
Claude Monet is a name that the art world would cherish through many ages to come. He was one of the greatest – if not THE greatest – painters of the modern world. The art he produced was truly something he could call his own. Throughout this broad career of his, he kept innovating; providing fertile soil for the seed of impressionism to grow into the mightiest of trees.
Most Famous Paintings By Claude Monet
Let’s have a look at most famous paintings by Claude Monet
You can buy Master Piece reproduction by Claude Monet here.
This piece of work is a classic example of the kind of things Monet preferred to paint. Impression, Sunrise is the view of the Le Havre harbour from out of one of Monet’s residence windows. This painting was revealed to the masses on the first ever impressionist exhibition held in 1874. For lack of a better name, Monet chose to name it “Impression soliel levant” (which translates to impression, sunrise) in haste. An art critic, who wasn’t very fond of the things he saw in this exhibition, keeping the name of this painting in mind, used the term “Impressionism” for the first time describing Monet and his contemporaries work. From this very painting the name of the great art movement was coined.
Monet’s famous model (who he married later on), Camille is shown posing in this majestic work. Alongside ‘Camille’, she is seen in many other works of the French artists namely: “On the Bank of the Seine”, “The Woman in the Garden”, “Bennecourt” and more. Monet’s Camille (also known as: “The Woman in the Green Dress” or “La femme à la robe verte”) made him a great deal famous among the folk of his time.
‘Water Lilies’ is a large series of paintings (consisting of approximately 250 paintings) Monet made, capturing the serene beauty of his formal garden (situated at his land in Giverny). He loved his garden and this project was something very dear to Monet. Thus the large format and eccentric enthusiasm he painted these paintings with. The purpose of these paintings was to give the viewer a complete experience of the unrelenting grace of nature. His garden, with its pond containing water lilies, was an appropriate subject in order for the idea’s execution. Monet showed how the sunlight changes throughout the day in this series.
Death of Claude Monet
Never did he cease making these paintings better. He was determined to improve them till the very end of his own being. A year after his demise, in 1927, 22 out of 200+ paintings from this series (hand picked by Monet before his death) were exhibited in a public display.
A Brief Introduction
Born in 1817 in Feodosiya, Russian-Armenian painter of the Romantic movement, Ivan Konstantinovich Aivazovsky is easily considered as one of the best seascape painters of the of all time.
From an early age he showed great potential as an artist, and despite being born into poverty, he was provided with a very good education and was able to speak different languages and even earned a seat in the Simferopol Gymnasium No.1 and the St. Petersburg Academy of Arts, from which he graduated with a gold medal.
This was the ticket to his future success, bringing him acknowledgement from the Navy, who later commissioned him to paint battle ships for them and the Sultans from turkey who summoned him to Istanbul on numerous occasions and awarded him a medal, until the war between Turkey and Russia ensued.
Early Years and Personal Life
Rene Magritte or Rene Francois Ghislain Magritte as he was known was a Belgian artist from the early 20th century. He was born in the city of Lessines, Belgium, on the 21st of November 1898. He came from a middle class family, and was the son of a tailor named Leopold Magritte and Regina Magritte who had been a milliner before marriage. Rene Magritte had shown great interest and aptitude for drawing from an early age and he began taking his first proper drawing lessons when he was 12 years old.
Very little is known about Magritte’s early life but it is known that he had a traumatic experience when he was 14 years old, his mother committed suicide in 1914. This wasn’t the first time that his mother had tried to commit suicide, she had done so unsuccessfully for a number of times before too. It is believed that the young Magritte was present at the time his mother’s body was recovered from the river where she had drowned.
The death of his mother, and the fact that her dress was covering her face when she was recovered is said to have had a profound effect on the young Rene Magritte, and this disturbing image has been the source of several paintings made by Magritte during the 1927-1928 era, his subjects in these paintings also had their faces covered by some form of cloth.
He would go on to create many world renowned paintings over the next half century, always inspiring wonder and a sense of mystique in his viewers.
Frida Kahlo was born on July 6 1907 in the Coyoacan village of Mexico. She was named Magdalena Carmen Frida Kahlo and is famous for her beautiful self portraits and surrealist masterpieces. She has often been hailed as the finest female artist of the early 20th century by feminists and she spent almost the entirety of her life in Mexico City.
It is said that Frida preferred her birth date to be given as July 7, 1910 so it would coincide with the Mexican Revolution and thus it would appear that her life had begun with the birth of Modern Mexico. She would go on to marry Diego Rivera, who was also an eminent Mexican artist of the era, but this was a volatile marriage that was always at the verge of collapse. Both Frida and Rivera had quick tempers and neither of them ever put much store for tolerance, coupled with multiple extra marital affairs from both parties meant they eventually divorced in 1939. They remarried in 1940 but the relationship was always a strained one, to the point that they slept in separate rooms in the same house.
Gustav Klimt was a famous Austrian painter if the late 19th and early 20th century who specialized in the Symbolism art that was prevalent at the time. Gustav Klimt was born on the 14th of July, 1862 in the city of Baumgarten, in the Austrian Empire. Much of Klimt’s early childhood was spent in poverty; his father Ernst Klimt worked as a gold engraver, while his mother Anna Klimt was a struggling music performer. Klimt was the eldest of his parent’s three children; all boys.
The Klimt brothers showed excellent aptitude for the art since very early in their childhood, but Gustav Klimt was easily the most talented among his brothers. He had much of his early education at the VSAC (Vienna School of Arts and Crafts) and concentrated his attentions on architectural painting until around 1883 when he accepted conservative trainings in the arts and grew to revere Hans Makart; one of the foremost historic painters in Vienna.
By the time his younger brother Ernst had enrolled at the school, Gustav was already getting art commissions and it was during this time that he founded the “Company of Artists” which was a small private group consisting of Gustav himself, as well his brother and a friend. Gustav was recognized as a professional painter by then, and he got individual commissions for painting interior murals for lathe public buildings, he also produced a series of paintings which he called “Allegories and Emblems”
Early Years and Personal Life
Damien Hirst or Damien Steven Hirst as he is officially recognized is an English entrepreneur, art collector and artist. Damien was born in Bristol on the 7th June 1965, his father worked as a motor mechanic while his mother was a clerk at the Citizens Advice Bureau. Damien Hirst had a troubled childhood and he was arrested twice in his youth for shoplifting. Hirst showed good aptitude for drawing, which he says is the only thing he was ever really good at. His strict disciplinary mother encouraged his drawing skills and Damien was enrolled at the Allerton Grange School where he completed is A-levels with an “E” grade in art.
Subsequently his admission at the Jacob Kramer School of Art was denied by the admin, but was later accepted under the Foundation Diploma course.
Jack Vettriano is a self taught painter who became a world renowned artist when his 1992 masterpiece “The Singing Butler” became a global best seller.
He was born in the industrial town of Methil in the city of Fife in Scotland. He was the second of two boys born to his family, and spent a major portion of his early life in poverty. The little family used to live in a small miner’s cottage in Methil, and from an early age Vettriano was taught that the value of seemingly small things in life. He was used to sharing a bedroom with his elder brother and his parents couldn’t afford to buy him new clothes, so he had to make do with hand me down stuff that he got from his brother or the slum markets.
Degas And His Early Life
Edgar Degas was a French artist from the mid 19th and early 20th century, he is notable for having an artistic style that concentrated chiefly on female forms; namely, dancers and other similar subjects. He was born on the 19th of July, 1834, in the city of Paris, France. He was the son of a moderately well to do banker; Augustin De Gas and had four siblings in which he was the eldest. Degas was educated at an elite school in Paris by the name of Lycee Louis-le-Grand when he was eleven years old. By age thirteen, Degas’s mother died and the remainder of his youth was spent with his father and grandfather, who influenced him deeply.
This was also the time when Degas began showing aptitude as an artist, paintings had always held a certain attraction for him and he was gifted at copying some of the remarkable works of the era. Upon graduating, Degas dedicated one of his rooms to art and created an artist’s studio, he even registered himself as a copyist at the Louvre Museum.
Degas’s father willed him to study law and the obedient youth dutifully enrolled at the University of Paris for a law degree, but it was not to be. Barely two years later, Degas had managed to get admission at the Ecole des Beaux-Arts after being recommended by Jean Auguste Dominique Ingress, a man whom Degas had admired for some time. Ingress convinced Degas that he had great potential in art, and so he made his choice.
Leonardo Da Vinci is regarded as one of the most diverse human beings in history, he has single handedly contributed in the field of arts, science, philosophy, engineering, medicine, anatomy, botany, geology, architecture, cartography, and music.
The depth of Leonardo Da Vinci’s genius touches at the heart of nearly every aspect of human intelligence. Da Vinci is often credited with proposing the first ever theory of human anatomy by explicit diagrams which illustrated the working parts and functioning of the human arm and limbs. He also indulged in art and sculpture, his most famous painting is the Mona Lisa which is widely regarded as the most elusive painting in history.
Jan Vermeer: A Dutch Painter
Jan Vermeer or Johann Vermeer as he is officially called was a Dutch painter who is perhaps best remembered today for his domestic interior scenarios which usually depicted the middle class life. Vermeer is considered to be a genre painter who was active during the Dutch Golden Age Baroque Movement.
He was born on 31st October 1632 in the Dutch city of Delft. Not much is known about his early childhood but historians attribute him to have been thoroughly devoted to the arts. It is this exact lack of any detailed knowledge of his life that historians often call Vermeer the “Sphinx of Delft” since nothing authentic about his life has yet been uncovered except from the city archives of Delft and registers, as well as comments and official documents from other artists of the era.
We do know that Jan Vermeer was the son of a middle class silk worker by the name of Reijner Janszoon. Vermeer’s father eventually started a business of dealing paintings, and after his death Jan Vermeer was the sole owner of his father’s business.