Paintings By Botticelli : An Insight Into The Italian’s Briliance

While Sandro Botticelli didn’t get to relish the perks of fame much during his lifetime, paintings by Botticelli came to be recognized as one of the high-flying elements of the Early Renaissance. A Florentine by origin, he is considered among the more educated artists of the Renaissance period. While they are many in numbers, we shall look at some of the more well-known paintings by Botticelli.

The Cestello Annunciation

This one (pictured above) is more commonly and frequently referred to as simply The Annunciation. Utilizing Tempera on Panel as the medium, it took close to 1 year for Botticelli to complete it after it was commissioned by the Church of Florentine Convent of Costello in 1489; the completion took place sometime in 1490. Currently available for viewing at the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, the original painting has “The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee” from St. Luke’s Gospel (1:35) inscribed in Latin at the bottom.

Venus and Mars

sandro botticelli venus and mars

Another prominent one among paintings by Botticelli, this (also) Tempera on Panel, is from 1483. Commissioned by the Vespucci family, the swarm of wasps swirling above Mars’ head is said to be there as a symbol of the coven. The female model brought in for the portrayal of Venus is also said to be from the same coven; Simonetta Vespucci. It is widely believed that Botticelli bore a deep infatuation for her, which is also why he asked to be laid to rest by her feet. The painting depicts a fatigued out Mars lost in a deep sleep, as Venus stares entranced at his face. The body of water in the background is said to be the sea that Venus surfaced from.


Primavera Also referred to as Allegory of Spring, this 1482 Tempera on Panel is probably the most debated upon paintings by Botticelli. With 6 females and 2 male figures forming a small group of 8, the characters are considered to be mythological. Of course, the central figure is that of Venus in her arch, the young man draped in red at the far left is said to be Mercury. The two figures on the far right, the unique skinned male and the female he grabs by the waist are said to be Zephyrus and Chloris respectively. The painting is also housed at the Uffizi Gallery in Florence. Similar artwork by fellow Italian Maestro, Amedeo Modigliani, can be seen on this link.

The Birth of Venus

The Birth of Venus Another Tempera on Panel piece by Botticelli; not surprised eh? Me neither! Completed in 1486, this painting also embodies the Neo-platonic love theme prevalent in Primavera. Venus is shown rising from a seashell which was considered to be a symbol of the vulva. She’s blossomed into a fully matured female and emits the vibe of love that she is goddess over. The Uffizi Gallery, once again, is also home to this piece, and like many other paintings by Botticelli, The Birth of Venus was also commissioned by members of the Medici family of Florence.

The Mystical Nativity

The Mystical Nativity One of the paintings by Botticelli from the latter years of his life and active career, this oil on canvas from 1501 makes home at the National Gallery in London. The painting shows Jesus (as an infant) and Mary at the center of the canvas, and they appear larger than all the other figures. The canvas is split vertically and shows joyful angels at the top, and celebrating humans in the bottom half. The painting is said to have derived deep influence and inspiration from Savonarola. As stated at the beginning of this inscription, these are only very few of the paintings by Botticelli. His complete work portfolio is fairly elaborate and wide in scope. You can read more about our elaborative list of famous artists and their masterpiece work.

About the author

Arlene is a passionate art lover, with interests including researching famous historic painters, oil paintings, wall arts, and doodling around with colors!

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