An Introduction to Madhubani Paintings

The Madhubani Painting mode is also known by the name of ‘Mithila Painting’. This is basically a style of art that was originated in India. It is still practiced there, particularly in region named as ‘Mithila’ in the state of Bihar. Also, this art is currently employed in certain areas of Terai of Nepal as well.


There are some particular distinguishing attributes of this genre that made this form of art as only one of its kind:

  • Instruments: This particular style involves the use of quite unique and special instruments. The Painters use their fingers, nib-pens, twigs and even matchsticks along with brushes.
  • Colors: Creators of these masterpieces tend to employ naturally made pigments and dyes as well.
  • Shapes: Patterns based on geometrical shapes are a significant part of this art form.
  • Occasions: This artistic form is employed for creating masterpieces on various important occasions. These events include: birth and marriage, as well as special religious occasions like Holi, Kali Puja and Durga Puja etc.

  • Imagery: 2D imagery is employed in creation of these pictures.
  • Subjects: The main subjects of this art include natural things like plants, moon, flowers, and sun. They also depict the traditional events especially weddings.
  • Space: These paintings utilize the full space of the canvas and leave no empty space at all.
  • Themes: The main themes of this art form include longing for love and peace, and celebration of life.

Tracing the History

An Introduction to Madhubani Painting 2

There is an interesting history of this particular Indian form of art. Madhubani Painting originated in the towns of Madhubani, Darbhanga and Mithila. Traditionally, the women belonging to these particular areas used to practice this art.

The women did not have a typical canvas for this purpose at that point of time. Rather, they used their homes’ walls, their mud houses and their floors as the canvas. In the current times, this art form is performed on clothes, paper (handmade paper as well) and a typical canvas.

Paintings at that time were made out of the paste which was created from rice in a powdered form. For many years, this art form remained confined to the above mentioned areas of India only. The women who used to practice it simply passed on this art to their next generation and that is how this art form survived.

Another very interesting fact about this art form is that its subject, matter, and style has been still kept the same since ages. This shows the great legacy held by this form of art.

Celebration of Life

Madhubani painting is a perfect complement to give to any room or living area because it gives out a message of good will, love, care, happiness and celebration. Make sure you get yourself one of these, or gift it out to your loved ones, who will surely admire its beauty and the strong heritage that it brings with itself. It reflects how beautiful a life is and how each and every one should celebrate it.

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