Abstract Paintings from Famous Artists
Abstract Art is a relatively new kind of contemporary expressionism through which apparently random blotches of color and patterns are used to communicate ideas. It is often mixed with non-objective art and non-figurative art; there are similarities among all three, but the meaning of each is not exactly identical. So it is better to perceive Abstract Art as separate from other two.
Abstracts: A Far Call From Reality
Abstract Art rarely depicts any imagery that can be classified as accurate representation of reality; though this is not always the case. Abstract Art may have a slight, partial, or even a complete deviation from reality as we know it. In other words, Abstract Art purposefully distorts certain aspects of reality in its depiction.
Such types of abstract art include Fauvism and Cubism; Fauvism constitutes a partial abstraction whereas the latter alters the depiction of real life entities into something that is less subtle and may even appear bizarre to some people. But there is a certain beauty in all this chaos, and art enthusiasts are able to draw meaningful inferences. Abstract Art finds its roots in the three historic art movements, namely; Romanticism, Impressionism and Expressionism.
Tracing the Origins and Evolution
Some of the earliest works that can partially be classified as abstract art came from James McNeil Whistler, his 1872 painting “Nocturne in Black and Gold: The Falling Rocket” embodies a lot of visual sensation while rarely any accuracy in its depiction. Other artists of the 19th century that produced artwork that can loosely be classified as abstract include; Camille Corot, John Constable, and J M W Turner.
Pioneers of Abstract Art – The Post-Impressionists
One of the pioneers of Cubism was Paul Cezanne, he wanted to create a logical construction of reality when viewed from a single point, this modulated the colors of flat areas as they would appear in the painting and thus Cubism was born. Other artists of the 19th century that worked on Cubism include Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. The age of expressionism also explored abstract art in the sense of deliberately distorting and exaggerating the contours of reality. So much so that the later part of 19th century saw abstract art take the form of depicting psychological states instead of definite physical objects which had dominated most of the art scene for over 500 years. Some notable artists of the new movement included James Ensor and Edvard Munch, among others.
These artists and the ones mentioned above are classified as the Post-Impressionists since it wasn’t until the 20th century that Abstract Art was taken forward as a major art medium.
The New Form of Abstract Art
Some of the earliest pioneers that brought Abstract Art in the sense that we know it today include Robert Delauney, Jackson Pollock, Wassily Kandinsky and Mark Rothko. Kandinsky for the first time gave a certain vibrancy and stimulation in his work which always left the audience intrigued as to what he was trying to convey.
Kandinsky’s “Composition IV” was completed in 1911 and was basically an untitled watercolor with no definite objects; it now resides at George Pomidou in Paris. By the early 1930s, Kandisnky’s artistic compositions comprised of definite symbols and shapes that had seemingly been arranged in a random fashion. Pablo Picasso was another pioneer of Abstract Art, particularly the Cubism genre, his painting “Les Demoiselles d’Avignon” portrays women in definite Asian attire, but their bodies are disproportionate and their torsos elongated slightly. The color scheme that Picasso uses to illustrate these women is also unlike anything that would appear natural.
Russian artist Kasimir Malevich gave his first purely abstract painting in 1913; this was a black square that had been painted on a white background. Art historians claim that this simple black square and the intricate white patterns amidst the black portray human emotions and feelings. Another pioneer of abstract art is Piet Mondrian, his use of different colored grids and rectangles signify abstract at its most basic; this style is still adopted by Abstract Artists today.
Abstract Art in the Modern Era
Some of the more famous post-1950s abstract artists include Willen De Koonings, Clyfford Still, Barnett Newman, Robert Motherwell, and Franz Kline among others. Modern Abstract art has moved away from expressionism and now focuses on definite color fields rather than primary emotions. Modern abstract artists include Damien Hirst and Howard Hodgkin.